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Generate Search Engine Friendly URLs with PHP Functions

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Generate Search Engine Friendly URLs with PHP Functions

Generating search engine friendly (SEF) URLs can dramatically improve your search engine results. There's a big difference between "/post.php?id=2382" and "/great-php-functions/". Having search engine friendly URLs also gives the user an idea of what will be on the page they are clicking on if the link text isn't adequate.

I've created sister PHP functions to generate search engine friendly URLs for the CMS' I create for my customers. The idea is fairly simple. <!--break-->I take the user-created page title and feed it to a scrubbing function to:

  • remove all punctuation
  • switch the URL to lowercase
  • remove spaces, replace with a given delimiter (in this case, a dash)
  • remove duplicate words
  • remove words that aren't helpful to SEO

The Code

/* takes the input, scrubs bad characters */
function generate_seo_link($input,$replace = '-',$remove_words = true,$words_array = array())
//make it lowercase, remove punctuation, remove multiple/leading/ending spaces
$return = trim(ereg_replace(' +',' ',preg_replace('/[^a-zA-Z0-9\s]/','',strtolower($input))));

//remove words, if not helpful to seo
//i like my defaults list in remove_words(), so I wont pass that array
if($remove_words) { $return = remove_words($return,$replace,$words_array); }

//convert the spaces to whatever the user wants
//usually a dash or underscore..
//...then return the value.
return str_replace(' ',$replace,$return);

/* takes an input, scrubs unnecessary words */
function remove_words($input,$replace,$words_array = array(),$unique_words = true)
//separate all words based on spaces
$input_array = explode(' ',$input);

//create the return array
$return = array();

//loops through words, remove bad words, keep good ones
foreach($input_array as $word)
//if it's a word we should add...
if(!in_array($word,$words_array) && ($unique_words ? !in_array($word,$return) : true))
$return[] = $word;

//return good words separated by dashes
return implode($replace,$return);

The Explanation

The function accepts four values:

  1. $input - string - will be SEO'd, in my case, the page title
  2. $replace - string - the word separator, in most cases a dash or underscore
  3. $remove_words - boolean - remove specific, non-helpful SEO words
  4. $words_array - array - an array of words that should be removed from every URL because they aren't helpful to SEO

Example Results

$bad_words = array('a','and','the','an','it','is','with','can','of','why','not');
echo generate_seo_link('Another day and a half of PHP meetings','-',true,$bad_words);
//displays :: another-day-half-php-meetings

echo generate_seo_link('CSS again? Why not just PHP?','-',true,$bad_words);
//displays :: css-again-just-php

echo generate_seo_link('A penny saved is a penny earned.','-',true,$bad_words);
//displays :: penny-saved-earned

Do yourself a favor — make your dynamic pages more search engine friendly with clean URLs!

Published at DZone with permission of its author, David Walsh.

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)


Nick replied on Fri, 2008/01/25 - 10:48pm


Do you see http://seonik.com.

SEONIK is a search engine friendly link generator.

I have use following script to generate the SEO link (the stop words are not implemented into the site)

$bad_words = array('a','and','the','an','it','is','with','can','of','why','not');
$title = 'Another day and a half of PHP meetings';

function conv_t($title,$bad_words, $divider = '-')
$reg_expr = create_reg($bad_words);
$title = preg_replace($reg_expr,' ',$title);

$title = preg_replace("/(^|&\S+;)|(<[^>]*>)/U","",$title);
$title = strtolower(preg_replace('/[\s\-]+/', $divider, trim(preg_replace('/[^\w\s\-]/', '', $title))));
$title = preg_replace("/[^A-Za-z0-9\-]/","",$title);
return $title;

function create_reg($bad_words)
$res = implode('|',$bad_words);
return '/(\s(('.$res.')\s)+)|(^('.$res.'))\s/i';

echo conv_t($title,$bad_words);


This is the link http://seonik.com/generate-search-engine-friendly-urls.html that the SEONIK generate for this page.

Buzogany Laszlo replied on Sat, 2010/03/06 - 7:00am

Post slug generator, for creating clean urls from titles. It works with many languages.
function remove_accent($str)
$a = array('À', 'Á', 'Â', 'Ã', 'Ä', 'Å', 'Æ', 'Ç', 'È', 'É', 'Ê', 'Ë', 'Ì', 'Í', 'Î', 'Ï', 'Ð', 'Ñ', 'Ò', 'Ó', 'Ô', 'Õ', 'Ö', 'Ø', 'Ù', 'Ú', 'Û', 'Ü', 'Ý', 'ß', 'à', 'á', 'â', 'ã', 'ä', 'å', 'æ', 'ç', 'è', 'é', 'ê', 'ë', 'ì', 'í', 'î', 'ï', 'ñ', 'ò', 'ó', 'ô', 'õ', 'ö', 'ø', 'ù', 'ú', 'û', 'ü', 'ý', 'ÿ', 'Ā', 'ā', 'Ă', 'ă', 'Ą', 'ą', 'Ć', 'ć', 'Ĉ', 'ĉ', 'Ċ', 'ċ', 'Č', 'č', 'Ď', 'ď', 'Đ', 'đ', 'Ē', 'ē', 'Ĕ', 'ĕ', 'Ė', 'ė', 'Ę', 'ę', 'Ě', 'ě', 'Ĝ', 'ĝ', 'Ğ', 'ğ', 'Ġ', 'ġ', 'Ģ', 'ģ', 'Ĥ', 'ĥ', 'Ħ', 'ħ', 'Ĩ', 'ĩ', 'Ī', 'ī', 'Ĭ', 'ĭ', 'Į', 'į', 'İ', 'ı', 'IJ', 'ij', 'Ĵ', 'ĵ', 'Ķ', 'ķ', 'Ĺ', 'ĺ', 'Ļ', 'ļ', 'Ľ', 'ľ', 'Ŀ', 'ŀ', 'Ł', 'ł', 'Ń', 'ń', 'Ņ', 'ņ', 'Ň', 'ň', 'ʼn', 'Ō', 'ō', 'Ŏ', 'ŏ', 'Ő', 'ő', 'Œ', 'œ', 'Ŕ', 'ŕ', 'Ŗ', 'ŗ', 'Ř', 'ř', 'Ś', 'ś', 'Ŝ', 'ŝ', 'Ş', 'ş', 'Š', 'š', 'Ţ', 'ţ', 'Ť', 'ť', 'Ŧ', 'ŧ', 'Ũ', 'ũ', 'Ū', 'ū', 'Ŭ', 'ŭ', 'Ů', 'ů', 'Ű', 'ű', 'Ų', 'ų', 'Ŵ', 'ŵ', 'Ŷ', 'ŷ', 'Ÿ', 'Ź', 'ź', 'Ż', 'ż', 'Ž', 'ž', 'ſ', 'ƒ', 'Ơ', 'ơ', 'Ư', 'ư', 'Ǎ', 'ǎ', 'Ǐ', 'ǐ', 'Ǒ', 'ǒ', 'Ǔ', 'ǔ', 'Ǖ', 'ǖ', 'Ǘ', 'ǘ', 'Ǚ', 'ǚ', 'Ǜ', 'ǜ', 'Ǻ', 'ǻ', 'Ǽ', 'ǽ', 'Ǿ', 'ǿ');
$b = array('A', 'A', 'A', 'A', 'A', 'A', 'AE', 'C', 'E', 'E', 'E', 'E', 'I', 'I', 'I', 'I', 'D', 'N', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'U', 'U', 'U', 'U', 'Y', 's', 'a', 'a', 'a', 'a', 'a', 'a', 'ae', 'c', 'e', 'e', 'e', 'e', 'i', 'i', 'i', 'i', 'n', 'o', 'o', 'o', 'o', 'o', 'o', 'u', 'u', 'u', 'u', 'y', 'y', 'A', 'a', 'A', 'a', 'A', 'a', 'C', 'c', 'C', 'c', 'C', 'c', 'C', 'c', 'D', 'd', 'D', 'd', 'E', 'e', 'E', 'e', 'E', 'e', 'E', 'e', 'E', 'e', 'G', 'g', 'G', 'g', 'G', 'g', 'G', 'g', 'H', 'h', 'H', 'h', 'I', 'i', 'I', 'i', 'I', 'i', 'I', 'i', 'I', 'i', 'IJ', 'ij', 'J', 'j', 'K', 'k', 'L', 'l', 'L', 'l', 'L', 'l', 'L', 'l', 'l', 'l', 'N', 'n', 'N', 'n', 'N', 'n', 'n', 'O', 'o', 'O', 'o', 'O', 'o', 'OE', 'oe', 'R', 'r', 'R', 'r', 'R', 'r', 'S', 's', 'S', 's', 'S', 's', 'S', 's', 'T', 't', 'T', 't', 'T', 't', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'W', 'w', 'Y', 'y', 'Y', 'Z', 'z', 'Z', 'z', 'Z', 'z', 's', 'f', 'O', 'o', 'U', 'u', 'A', 'a', 'I', 'i', 'O', 'o', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'U', 'u', 'A', 'a', 'AE', 'ae', 'O', 'o');
return str_replace($a, $b, $str);

function post_slug($str)
return strtolower(preg_replace(array('/[^a-zA-Z0-9 -]/', '/[ -]+/', '/^-|-$/'),
array('', '-', ''), remove_accent($str)));


post_slug(' -Lo#&@rem IPSUM //dolor-/sit - amet-/-consectetur! 12 -- ')

will output: lorem-ipsum-dolor-sit-amet-consectetur-12

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